Camphor, a white crystalline powder with a characteristic penetrating pungent and aromatic odor, is soluble in alcohol and found in camphor oil of camphor tree. Synthetic Camphor is extracted from Alpha-Pinene of Turpentine, then make a conversion Alpha-Pinene into Camphene, esterified to Bornyl acetate. Continue making saponification to Isoborneol, final oxidizing to Synthetic Camphor.
Synthetic Camphor is used in the manufacture of cellulose nitrate, polyvinyl chloride and plastics. It can also serve as medicine, antiseptic, insecticide, etc. It can be used as an ingredient in smokeless powder, as a stabilizer and a moderator to improve ballistic properties.